Committed to Excellence

    NEW MLA 8 Works Cited

    • MLA 8 citation style uses one guideline to apply to all source types.

      MLA 8 uses core elements, common to most sources,  and places these elements in a specific order.

      MAIN POINTS:  Maintain same order for all elemets, identify container and include location; either URL or page number.



    • Core elements are the facts of the source common to most sources.

      Order and punctuation is provided in chart.

    MLA 8


    • A container holds the source.

      Containers are either:

      1) complete works which contain smaller works, like a book containing essays, a book containing short stories, or an academic journal containing articles, or

      2) larger containers holding smaller containers, like a database containing academic journals or a website containing Web pages.


      There can be more than one container.

      For example"

      a a newsaper article from a database would have 2 (two) containers.

      One: Newspaper (New York Times)

      Two: Database (Ebsco)


    • Location is where the source is found.

      • If Print: page number
      • If Online: URL   (Do not include http://)
      • If Academic Journal: DOI (Digital Object Idfentifier)